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Sumnima Gurung


Dr Carla Plymen is a consultant in cardiology and leads the heart failure service at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. She qualified from Guy's & St Thomas' Hospitals Medical School and undertook her specialist training in and around London. Dr Plymen is a specialist in the diagnosis and management of all forms of heart failure, with expertise extending to congenital and inherited types. As a patient advocate and a keen educator, she is a member of the patient care and exam certification committees of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology. She trains and delivers lectures nationally and internationally. 


1998: BSc (Hons), first class in genetics, University of London 

2001: MBBS (Distinction), University of London 

2004: MRCP, London 

2014: MD(Res), University College London, clinical research fellow at The Heart Hospital 

2015: CCT 


Heart failure, heart failure in renal disease, cardio-oncology, inherited cardiac conditions, heart disease arising from sarcoid or amyloid, all forms of dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure in pregnancy, myocarditis of any cause

Research & publications

Sweeney M, Whiskey E, Patel RK, Tracy DK, Shergill SS, Plymen CM. Understanding and managing cardiac side effects of second-generation antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia. Accepted for publication in Br J Psych Advances. 

Jelena Celutkiene, Carla M. Plymen, Frank A. Flachskampf et al. Innovative imaging methods in heart failure: A shifting paradigm in cardiac assessment. Position statement on behalf of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur J Heart Fail 2018 Dec;20(12):1615-1633 

Joy G, Ermona W, Bolstridge M, Porras-Segovia A, McDonagh TM, Plymen CM, Shergill S. Hearts and minds; real life cardiotoxicity with clozapine in psychosis. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2017 Dec;37(6): 708-712 

Rajeswaran T, Plymen CM, Doherty A. The effect of antidepressant medications in the management of heart failure on outcomes: mortality, cardiovascular function and depression - a systematic review. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract. 2017 Nov 26:1-6 

Zaman S, Zaman SS, Scholtes T, Shun-Shin MJ, Plymen CM, Francis DP, Cole GD. The risk of deferring prescription of optimal medical therapy for heart failure – a systematic comparison against norms for surgical consent. Eur J Heart Fail. (2017) Jun 8. doi: 10.1002/ejhf.838 

Sanchez AY, Foster JJ, Plymen CM, Shergill S. Clozapine in a patient with treatment-resistant schizophrenia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a case report. BJPsych Open. 2016. 14(6):390-393 

Plymen CM, Finlay M, Tsang V et al. Targeted Single And Dual Site Right Ventricular Pacing In Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Surgical Pulmonary Valve Replacement. Europace (2015) 17 (2): 274-280 

Plymen CM, Petit S, Parameshwar J, Lewis C. Right Ventricular failure due to late embolic RV infarction during continuous flow LVAD support. BMJ Case Rep. 2015. pii: bcr2015212174. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2015-212174 

Plymen CM, Carr-White GS, Kapetanakis S. "The ‘Christmas Tree’ sign –a diagnostic tool for ECG connoisseurs." Christmas BMJ. 2014 Dec 16;349:g7342. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g7342. 
G. Biglino, H. Ntsinjana, C. Plymen, A. Giardini, G. Derrick, S. Schievano, A.M. Taylor. Ventriculo-vascular interactions late after atrial and arterial repair of transposition of the great arteries. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg (2014) 148(6): 2627-33 

Plymen CM, Sado DM, Bolger AP, Lambiase PD, Taylor AM, Hughes M, Moon JC. “Diffuse Myocardial Fibrosis in the systemic right ventricle of patients late after Mustard or Senning surgery. An Equilibrium Contrast Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study”. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging (2013) 14 (10): 963-968 

Plymen CM, Bolger AP, Lurz P et al. “Electrical remodelling following percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation – Author’s Reply.” Am J Cardiol 2011 107: 1867-68 Plymen CM,

Bolger AP, Lurz P et al. “Electrical remodelling following percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation” Am J Cardiol 2011 107(2): 309-14 

Plymen CM, Hughes ML, Picaut N et al. “The relationship of systemic right ventricular function to ECG parameters and NT-proBNP levels in adults with transposition of the great arteries late after atrial switch repair”. Heart 2010 96: 1569-57 

Book chapters

Korman SH, Keren A & Plymen CM. Metabolic Heart Failure. In: McDonagh T, Gardner, eds. Oxford Textbook of Heart Failure. 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; (in press). 

Plymen CM and Hardman S. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy. In: Myat A, Haldar S and Redwood SR, eds. Challenging Concepts in Cardiovascular Medicine. Volume II. 1st ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; (in press).